NetCDF  4.9.0
/* Copyright 2006-2011 University Corporation for Atmospheric
Research/Unidata. See COPYRIGHT file for conditions of use. */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <netcdf.h>
/* This is the name of the data file we will read. */
#define FILE_NAME ""
/* We are reading 4D data, a 2 x 6 x 12 lvl-lat-lon grid, with 2
timesteps of data. */
#define NDIMS 4
#define NLAT 6
#define NLON 12
#define LAT_NAME "latitude"
#define LON_NAME "longitude"
#define NREC 2
#define REC_NAME "time"
#define LVL_NAME "level"
#define NLVL 2
/* Names of things. */
#define PRES_NAME "pressure"
#define TEMP_NAME "temperature"
#define UNITS "units"
#define DEGREES_EAST "degrees_east"
#define DEGREES_NORTH "degrees_north"
/* These are used to calculate the values we expect to find. */
#define SAMPLE_TEMP 9.0
#define START_LAT 25.0
#define START_LON -125.0
/* For the units attributes. */
#define UNITS "units"
#define PRES_UNITS "hPa"
#define TEMP_UNITS "celsius"
#define LAT_UNITS "degrees_north"
#define LON_UNITS "degrees_east"
#define MAX_ATT_LEN 80
/* Handle errors by printing an error message and exiting with a
* non-zero status. */
#define ERR(e) {printf("Error: %s\n", nc_strerror(e)); return 2;}
int ncid, pres_varid, temp_varid;
int lat_varid, lon_varid;
/* The start and count arrays will tell the netCDF library where to
read our data. */
size_t start[NDIMS], count[NDIMS];
/* Program variables to hold the data we will read. We will only
need enough space to hold one timestep of data; one record. */
float pres_in[NLVL][NLAT][NLON];
float temp_in[NLVL][NLAT][NLON];
/* These program variables hold the latitudes and longitudes. */
float lats[NLAT], lons[NLON];
/* Loop indexes. */
int lvl, lat, lon, rec, i = 0;
/* Error handling. */
int retval;
/* Open the file. */
if ((retval = nc_open(FILE_NAME, NC_NOWRITE, &ncid)))
/* Get the varids of the latitude and longitude coordinate
* variables. */
if ((retval = nc_inq_varid(ncid, LAT_NAME, &lat_varid)))
if ((retval = nc_inq_varid(ncid, LON_NAME, &lon_varid)))
/* Read the coordinate variable data. */
if ((retval = nc_get_var_float(ncid, lat_varid, &lats[0])))
if ((retval = nc_get_var_float(ncid, lon_varid, &lons[0])))
/* Check the coordinate variable data. */
for (lat = 0; lat < NLAT; lat++)
if (lats[lat] != START_LAT + 5.*lat)
return 2;
for (lon = 0; lon < NLON; lon++)
if (lons[lon] != START_LON + 5.*lon)
return 2;
/* Get the varids of the pressure and temperature netCDF
* variables. */
if ((retval = nc_inq_varid(ncid, PRES_NAME, &pres_varid)))
if ((retval = nc_inq_varid(ncid, TEMP_NAME, &temp_varid)))
/* Read the data. Since we know the contents of the file we know
* that the data arrays in this program are the correct size to
* hold one timestep. */
count[0] = 1;
count[1] = NLVL;
count[2] = NLAT;
count[3] = NLON;
start[1] = 0;
start[2] = 0;
start[3] = 0;
/* Read and check one record at a time. */
for (rec = 0; rec < NREC; rec++)
start[0] = rec;
if ((retval = nc_get_vara_float(ncid, pres_varid, start,
count, &pres_in[0][0][0])))
if ((retval = nc_get_vara_float(ncid, temp_varid, start,
count, &temp_in[0][0][0])))
/* Check the data. */
i = 0;
for (lvl = 0; lvl < NLVL; lvl++)
for (lat = 0; lat < NLAT; lat++)
for (lon = 0; lon < NLON; lon++)
if (pres_in[lvl][lat][lon] != SAMPLE_PRESSURE + i)
return 2;
if (temp_in[lvl][lat][lon] != SAMPLE_TEMP + i)
return 2;
} /* next record */
/* Close the file. */
if ((retval = nc_close(ncid)))
printf("*** SUCCESS reading example file!\n");
return 0;
EXTERNL int nc_close(int ncid)
Close an open netCDF dataset.
Definition: dfile.c:1296
EXTERNL int nc_open(const char *path, int mode, int *ncidp)
Open an existing netCDF file.
Definition: dfile.c:660
int nc_get_vara_float(int ncid, int varid, const size_t *startp, const size_t *countp, float *ip)
Read an array of values from a variable.
Definition: dvarget.c:796
EXTERNL int nc_inq_varid(int ncid, const char *name, int *varidp)
Find the ID of a variable, from the name.
Definition: dvarinq.c:60
int nc_get_var_float(int ncid, int varid, float *ip)
Read an entire variable in one call.
Definition: dvarget.c:1075
Main header file for the C API.
#define NC_NOWRITE
Set read-only access for nc_open().
Definition: netcdf.h:126