NetCDF  4.9.0
/* Copyright 2018 University Corporation for Atmospheric
Research/Unidata. See COPYRIGHT file for conditions of use. */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <netcdf.h>
/* This is the name of the data file we will read. */
#define FILE_NAME ""
/* We are reading 2D data, a 6 x 12 lat-lon grid. */
#define NDIMS 2
#define NLAT 6
#define NLON 12
#define LAT_NAME "latitude"
#define LON_NAME "longitude"
#define PRES_NAME "pressure"
#define TEMP_NAME "temperature"
/* These are used to calculate the values we expect to find. */
#define SAMPLE_TEMP 9.0
#define START_LAT 25.0
#define START_LON -125.0
/* For the units attributes. */
#define UNITS "units"
#define PRES_UNITS "hPa"
#define TEMP_UNITS "celsius"
#define LAT_UNITS "degrees_north"
#define LON_UNITS "degrees_east"
#define MAX_ATT_LEN 80
/* Handle errors by printing an error message and exiting with a
* non-zero status. */
#define ERR(e) {printf("Error: %s\n", nc_strerror(e)); return 2;}
int ncid, pres_varid, temp_varid;
int lat_varid, lon_varid;
/* We will read surface temperature and pressure fields. */
float pres_in[NLAT][NLON];
float temp_in[NLAT][NLON];
/* For the lat lon coordinate variables. */
float lats_in[NLAT], lons_in[NLON];
/* To check the units attributes. */
char pres_units_in[MAX_ATT_LEN], temp_units_in[MAX_ATT_LEN];
char lat_units_in[MAX_ATT_LEN], lon_units_in[MAX_ATT_LEN];
/* We will learn about the data file and store results in these
program variables. */
int ndims_in, nvars_in, ngatts_in, unlimdimid_in;
/* Loop indexes. */
int lat, lon;
/* Error handling. */
int retval;
/* Open the file. */
if ((retval = nc_open(FILE_NAME, NC_NOWRITE, &ncid)))
/* There are a number of inquiry functions in netCDF which can be
used to learn about an unknown netCDF file. NC_INQ tells how
many netCDF variables, dimensions, and global attributes are in
the file; also the dimension id of the unlimited dimension, if
there is one. */
if ((retval = nc_inq(ncid, &ndims_in, &nvars_in, &ngatts_in,
/* In this case we know that there are 2 netCDF dimensions, 4
netCDF variables, no global attributes, and no unlimited
dimension. */
if (ndims_in != 2 || nvars_in != 4 || ngatts_in != 0 ||
unlimdimid_in != -1) return 2;
/* Get the varids of the latitude and longitude coordinate
* variables. */
if ((retval = nc_inq_varid(ncid, LAT_NAME, &lat_varid)))
if ((retval = nc_inq_varid(ncid, LON_NAME, &lon_varid)))
/* Read the coordinate variable data. */
if ((retval = nc_get_var_float(ncid, lat_varid, &lats_in[0])))
if ((retval = nc_get_var_float(ncid, lon_varid, &lons_in[0])))
/* Check the coordinate variable data. */
for (lat = 0; lat < NLAT; lat++)
if (lats_in[lat] != START_LAT + 5.*lat)
return 2;
for (lon = 0; lon < NLON; lon++)
if (lons_in[lon] != START_LON + 5.*lon)
return 2;
/* Get the varids of the pressure and temperature netCDF
* variables. */
if ((retval = nc_inq_varid(ncid, PRES_NAME, &pres_varid)))
if ((retval = nc_inq_varid(ncid, TEMP_NAME, &temp_varid)))
/* Read the data. Since we know the contents of the file we know
* that the data arrays in this program are the correct size to
* hold all the data. */
if ((retval = nc_get_var_float(ncid, pres_varid, &pres_in[0][0])))
if ((retval = nc_get_var_float(ncid, temp_varid, &temp_in[0][0])))
/* Check the data. */
for (lat = 0; lat < NLAT; lat++)
for (lon = 0; lon < NLON; lon++)
if (pres_in[lat][lon] != SAMPLE_PRESSURE + (lon * NLAT + lat) ||
temp_in[lat][lon] != SAMPLE_TEMP + .25 * (lon * NLAT + lat))
return 2;
/* Each of the netCDF variables has a "units" attribute. Let's read
them and check them. */
if ((retval = nc_get_att_text(ncid, lat_varid, UNITS, lat_units_in)))
if (strncmp(lat_units_in, LAT_UNITS, strlen(LAT_UNITS)))
return 2;
if ((retval = nc_get_att_text(ncid, lon_varid, UNITS, lon_units_in)))
if (strncmp(lon_units_in, LON_UNITS, strlen(LON_UNITS)))
return 2;
if ((retval = nc_get_att_text(ncid, pres_varid, UNITS, pres_units_in)))
if (strncmp(pres_units_in, PRES_UNITS, strlen(PRES_UNITS)))
return 2;
if ((retval = nc_get_att_text(ncid, temp_varid, UNITS, temp_units_in)))
if (strncmp(temp_units_in, TEMP_UNITS, strlen(TEMP_UNITS))) return 2;
/* Close the file. */
if ((retval = nc_close(ncid)))
printf("*** SUCCESS reading example file!\n");
return 0;
EXTERNL int nc_get_att_text(int ncid, int varid, const char *name, char *ip)
Get a text attribute.
Definition: dattget.c:222
EXTERNL int nc_close(int ncid)
Close an open netCDF dataset.
Definition: dfile.c:1296
EXTERNL int nc_inq(int ncid, int *ndimsp, int *nvarsp, int *nattsp, int *unlimdimidp)
Inquire about a file or group.
Definition: dfile.c:1631
EXTERNL int nc_open(const char *path, int mode, int *ncidp)
Open an existing netCDF file.
Definition: dfile.c:660
EXTERNL int nc_inq_varid(int ncid, const char *name, int *varidp)
Find the ID of a variable, from the name.
Definition: dvarinq.c:60
int nc_get_var_float(int ncid, int varid, float *ip)
Read an entire variable in one call.
Definition: dvarget.c:1075
Main header file for the C API.
#define NC_NOWRITE
Set read-only access for nc_open().
Definition: netcdf.h:126